Elliptical Sentence

Elliptical sentences atau ellipsis adalah bentuk kalimat yang disederhanakan dengan cara menggabungkan dua kalimat menjadi satu kalimat. Penggabungan itu dilakukan dengan cara menghilangkan salah satu unsur kalimat yang sama dari kalimat 1 dan kalimat 2.
Kalimat ellipsis ini bisa dibentuk jika:
* Kedua kalimat memiliki unsur kalimat yang sama. (Unsur kalimat; Subject, Predicate, Object/Complement)
* Kedua kalimat menggunakan tenses yang sama, dengan pola predikat yang sama. Bila tensesnya sama, tetapi pola predikatnya berbeda, kedua kalimat tidak bisa disederhanakan dengan pola ellipsis.
Contoh: He is at home. (P = to be)
I go home. (P = Verb)

Ada 3 bentuk kalimat ellipsis:
1. Positive Elliptics
2. Negative Elliptics
3. Opposite Elliptics

1. POSITIVE ELLIPTICS (too dan so)
Too dan so (=juga) digunakan jika kedua kalimat berbentuk positif.
Pola kalimatnya:

Atau

Contoh:

I am an artist. Maya is an artist.
– I am an artist and Maya is too.
– I am an artist and so is Maya

I like tea. Ronaldo likes tea.
– I like tea and Ronaldo does too.
– I like tea and so does Ronaldo.

Dora went to London. Emon went to London.
– Dora went to London and Emon did too.
– Dora went to London and so did Emon.

Rudi can speak Japanese. Susi can speak Japanese.
– Rudi can speak Japanese and Susi can too.
– Rudi can speak Japanese and so can Susi.

2. NEGATIVE ELLIPTICS (either dan neither)
Either dan neither (= juga tidak) digunakan jika kedua kalimat berbentuk negative.
Pola kalimatnya:

Atau

Contoh:

I am not an artist. Maya is not an artist.
– I am not an artist and Maya isn’t either.
– I am not an artist and neither is Maya.

I don’t like tea. Ronaldo doesn’t like tea.
– I don’t like tea and Ronaldo doesn’t either.
– I don’t like tea and neither does Ronaldo.

Dora didn’t go to London. Emon didn’t go to London.
– Dora didn’t go to London and Emon didn’t either.
– Dora didn’t go to London and neither did Emon.

Rudi cannot speak Japanese. Susi cannot speak Japanese.
– Rudi can’t speak Japanese and Susi can’t either.
– Rudi can’t speak Japanese and neither can Susi.

3. OPPOSITE ELLIPTICS (but)
But (=tetapi) digunakan jika kedua kalimat bertentangan.
Pola kalimatnya:

Atau

Contoh:

I am an artist. Maya is not an artist.
– I am an artist but Maya is not.

I don’t like tea. Ronaldo like tea.
– I don’t like tea but Ronaldo does.

Dora went to London. Emon didn’t go to London.
– Dora went to London but Emon didn’t

Rudi cannot speak Japanese. Susi can speak Japanese.
– Rudi cannot speak Japanese but Susi can.

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